The first thing that you need to do when dealing with a new home to is to inspect the heating and cooling system. If there are any issues, you will want to make sure to address these from the beginning as to avoid any issues down the road. The first thing that you will want to make sure that you do is to turn on the heater and listen to it coming on. You need to listen for any strange or unusual sounds that are coming from the heater, this could be the first signs of trouble.
Next go and check to make sure that air is coming out of all the vents properly. If you have a radiator, then make sure that it is getting warm to the touch. This is one of the biggest issues that a person will have and one of the first signs of potential issues. Preventive maintenance is essential in helping a new home owner make sure that their dream home remains just that and does not become a nightmare of their dreams. The radiator should be warm but not overly hot as if it is too hot, this can cause a serious fire hazard
Check the thermostat and make sure that it is responding correctly, one of the best ways to do this is to turn it five degrees above the temperature of the room and then wait to see if the heater comes on and remains running. Then do the same by reducing the thermostat down five degrees below room temperature to make sure the air comes on and keeps running.
Take a moment to turn the air conditioning on and listen to make sure there are no weird noises or sounds. Unusual sounds can often indicate a serious issue that needs to be addressed immediately. After you have done this, make sure that you go around and ensure that cool air is coming out of all the vents. If there is an issue it could be a simple as the vent need to be cleaned out to allow air flow.
Clean out all your filters and change them at least once a year or more depending on the type of environment that you live in. This will help to keep your home comfortable as well as prolong the life of your heating and cooling unit. It may slip your mind, but you will be glad you took care of your filters.